Loss of Scribble promotes Snail translation through translocation of HuR and enhances cancer drug resistance [Signal Transduction]

November 2nd, 2015 by Zhou, Y., Chang, R., Ji, W., Wang, N., Qi, M., Xu, Y., Guo, J., Zhan, L.

Drug resistance of cancer cells to various therapeutic agents and molecular targets is a major problem facing current cancer research. The tumor suppressor gene Scribble encodes a polarity protein that is conserved between Drosophila and mammals; loss of the locus disrupts cell polarity, inhibits apoptosis, and mediates cancer process. However, the role of Scribble in drug resistance remains unknown. We show here that knockdown of Scribble enhances drug resistance by permitting accumulation of Snail, which functions as a transcription factor during the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Then, loss of Scribble activates the mRNA binding protein HuR by facilitating translocation of HuR from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Furthermore, we demonstrate HuR can recognize AU-rich elements (AREs) of the Snail-encoding mRNA, thereby regulating Snail translation. Moreover, Loss of Scribble induced HuR translocation mediates the accumulation of Snail via activation of the p38 MAPK pathway. Thus, this work clarifies the role of polarity protein Scribble, which is directly implicated in the regulation of developmental transcription factor Snail, and suggesting a mechanism for Scribble mediating cancer drug resistance