F-ATPase of D. melanogaster Forms 53 pS Channels Responsible for Mitochondrial Ca2+-induced Ca2+ Release [Membrane Biology]

December 30th, 2014 by von Stockum, S., Giorgio, V., Trevisan, E., Lippe, G., Glick, G. D., Forte, M. A., Da–Re, C., Checchetto, V., Mazzotta, G., Costa, R., Szabo, I., Bernardi, P.

Mitochondria of D. melanogaster undergo Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release through a putative channel (mCrC) that has several regulatory features of the permeability transition pore (PTP). The PTP is an inner membrane channel that forms from F-ATPase, possessing a conductance of 500 pS in mammals and of 300 pS in yeast. In contrast to the PTP, the mCrC of Drosophila is not permeable to sucrose and appears to be selective for Ca2+ and H+. We show (i) that like the PTP, the mCrC is affected by the sense of rotation of F-ATPase, by Bz-423 and Mg2+/ADP; (ii) that expression of human cyclophilin D in mitochondria of Drosophila S2R+ cells sensitizes the mCrC to Ca2+ but does not increase its apparent size; and (iii) that purified dimers of D. melanogaster F-ATPase reconstituted into lipid bilayers form 53 pS channels activated by Ca2+ and thiol oxidants, and inhibited by Mg2+/γ-imino ATP. These findings indicate that the mCrC is the ″PTP″ of D. melanogaster, and that the signature conductance of F-ATPase channels depends on unique structural features that may underscore specific roles in different species.