Ki67 Antigen Contributes to the Timely Accumulation of Protein Phosphatase 1{gamma} on Anaphase Chromosomes [Cell Biology]

July 10th, 2014 by Takagi, M., Nishiyama, Y., Taguchi, A., Imamoto, N.

Ki67 is a protein widely used as cell -proliferation marker, with its cellular functions being hardly unveiled. In this paper, we present the direct interaction between Ki67 and PP1γ, a protein phosphatase showing characteristic accumulation on anaphase chromosomes via the canonical PP1-binding motif within Ki67. In cells depleted of Ki67, PP1γ is targeted to anaphase chromosomes less efficiently. Additionally, overexpression of Ki67, but not a mutant form without the ability to bind PP1γ, induced ectopic localization of PP1γ on metaphase chromosomes. These observations demonstrate that Ki67 is one factor that defines the cellular behavior of PP1γ in anaphase. To explore the specific roles of the subset of PP1γ recruited on chromosome via its interaction with Ki67 (PP1γ-Ki67), endogenous Ki67 was replaced with a Ki67 mutant deficient in its ability to interact with PP1γ. Although no obvious defects in the progression of mitosis were observed, the timing of dephosphorylation of the mutant Ki67 in anaphase was delayed, indicating that Ki67 itself is one of the substrates of PP1γ-Ki67.