Three {alpha}SNAP and 10 ATP Molecules Are Used In SNARE Complex Disassembly by N-ethylmaleimide Sensitive Factor (NSF) [Membrane Biology]

December 9th, 2014 by Shah, N., Colbert, K. N., Enos, M. D., Herschlag, D., Weis, W. I.

The fusion of intracellular membranes is driven by the formation of a highly stable four-helix bundle of SNARE proteins embedded in the vesicle and target membranes. N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor (NSF) recycles SNAREs after fusion by binding to the SNARE complex through an adaptor protein, αSNAP, and using the energy of ATP hydrolysis to disassemble the complex. Although only a single molecule of αSNAP binds to a soluble form of the SNARE complex, we find that three molecules of αSNAP are used for SNARE complex disassembly. We describe an engineered αSNAP trimer that supports more efficient SNARE complex disassembly than monomeric αSNAP. Using the trimerized αSNAP, we find that NSF hydrolyzes 10 ATP molecules on average to disassemble a single SNARE complex.