Decorin induces mitophagy in breast carcinoma cells via PGC-1{alpha} and mitostatin [Cell Biology]

January 8th, 2014 by Neill, T., Torres, A., Buraschi, S., Owens, R. T., Hoek, J. B., Baffa, R., Iozzo, R. V.

Tumor cell mitochondria are key biosynthetic hubs that provide macromolecules for cancer progression and angiogenesis. Soluble decorin protein core, hereafter referred to as decorin, potently attenuated mitochondrial respiratory complexes and mtDNA in MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells. We found a rapid and dynamic interplay between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and the decorin-induced tumor suppressor gene, mitostatin. This interaction stabilized mitostatin mRNA with concurrent accumulation of mitostatin protein. In contrast, siRNA-mediated abrogation of PGC-1α blocked decorin-evoked stabilization of mitostatin. Mechanistically, PGC-1α bound MITOSTATIN mRNA to achieve rapid stabilization. These processes were orchestrated by the decorin/Met axis, as blocking the Met tyrosine kinase or knockdown of Met abrogated these responses. Further, depletion of mitostatin blocked decorin or rapamycin evoked mitophagy, increased vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) production, and compromised decorin-evoked VEGFA suppression. Collectively, our findings underscore the complexity of PGC-1α-mediated mitochondrial homeostasis and establish mitostatin as a key regulator of tumor cell mitophagy and angiostasis.