Myosin Vc interacts with Rab32 and Rab38 and works in the biogenesis and secretion of melanosomes [Membrane Biology]

October 16th, 2014 by Bultema, J. J., Boyle, J. A., Malenke, P. B., Martin, F. E., Dell'Angelica, E. C., Cheney, R. E., Di Pietro, S. M.

Class V myosins are actin-based motors with conserved functions in vesicle and organelle trafficking. Herein, we report the discovery of a function for Myosin Vc in melanosome biogenesis as an effector of melanosome-associated Rab GTPases. We isolated Myosin Vc in a yeast two-hybrid screening for proteins that interact with Rab38, a Rab protein involved in the biogenesis of melanosomes and other lysosome-related organelles. Rab38 and its close homolog Rab32 bind to Myosin Vc but not to Myosin Va or Myosin Vb. Binding depends on residues in the switch II region of Rab32 and Rab38, and regions of the Myosin Vc coiled-coil tail domain. Myosin Vc also interacts with Rab7a, and Rab8a, but not with Rab11, Rab17, and Rab27. Although Myosin Vc is not particularly abundant on pigmented melanosomes, its knockdown in MNT-1 melanocytes caused defects in the trafficking of integral membrane proteins to melanosomes with substantially increased surface expression of Tyrp1, nearly complete loss of Tyrp2, and significant Vamp7 mislocalization. Knockdown of Myosin Vc in MNT-1 cells more than doubled the abundance of pigmented melanosomes but did not change the number of unpigmented melanosomes. Together the data demonstrate a novel role for Myosin Vc in melanosome biogenesis and secretion.