Circadian Regulation of Tshb Expression by Rev-erb{alpha} (NR1D1) and NCOR1 [Metabolism]

May 2nd, 2014 by Aninye, I. O., Matsumoto, S., Sidhaye, A. R., Wondisford, F. E.

Thyroid hormones (TH) are critical for development, growth, and metabolism. Circulating TH levels are tightly regulated by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion within the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis. While circadian TSH secretion has been well documented, the mechanism of this observation remains unclear. Recently, the nuclear corepressor, NCOR1, has been postulated to regulate TSH expression, presumably by interacting with thyroid hormone receptors (THRs) bound to TSH subunit genes. We report herein the first in vitro study of NCOR1 regulation of TSH in a physiologically relevant cell system, the TαT1.1 mouse thyrotroph cell line. Knock-down of NCOR1 by shRNA adenovirus increased baseline Tshb mRNA levels compared to scrambled control, but surprisingly had no affect on the T3-mediated repression of this gene. Using ChIP, we show that NCOR1 enriches on the Tshb promoter at sites different from THR previously identified by our group. Furthermore, NCOR1 enrichment on Tshb is unaffected by T3 treatment. Given that NCOR1 does not target THR on Tshb, we hypothesized that NCOR1 targeted Rev-erbα (NR1D1), an orphan nuclear receptor that is a potent repressor of gene transcription and regulator of metabolism and circadian rhythms. Using a serum shock technique, we synchronized TαT1.1 cells to study circadian gene expression. Post-synchronization, Tshb and Nr1d1 mRNA levels displayed oscillations that inversely correlated with each other. Further, NR1D1 was enriched at the same locus as NCOR1 on Tshb. Therefore, we propose a model for Tshb regulation whereby NR1D1 and NCOR1 interact to regulate circadian expression of Tshb independent of TH negative regulation.